An effective health program is an essential part of your goat farming business.
It is important that you work out:
together with your veterinarian for your successful goat farming business.
You can only realize the best economic returns from your business when disease problems are minimum or extinct in your goats.
Have your goats checked regularly by a veterinarian, they really know how to care for goats when it comes to ailments.
Having your goats checked regularly by a vet could protect them from illnesses and infections since prevention is better than cure.
Always remember that a healthy goat at your goat farming business would net you with good profits.
SPEND TIME TO STUDY AND UNDERSTAND YOUR GOATS
Spending some minutes with your goats every day examining and studying them is a time well spent.
By doing this, you can learn the normal behaviour and attitude of your goats.
If something goes wrong or you notice any irregularities, you will address it quickly before the condition gets worse.
If you observe your goats well you will know when goats are sick.
Healthy goat has a balanced posture, with the tail positioned above the back.
The coat is shiny and the eyes are alert and bright.
When those characteristics are not present, the goat could be sick.
Recognizing when the goat is sick or injured is very important factor for your goat farming business as it helps to prevent from any diseases to spread any further.
There is several common goat diseases that you can learn about so it will help you quickly spot any abnormalities and treat it immediately so that this will not have an impact on your goat farming business.
You’ll find information about how each of these can affect the health of your goats.
Some of these conditions are very serious and can lead to rapid death or require that you put your goat now.
Other illness can simply be treated with antibiotics or other medications.
In here we only explain a few diseases of goat
The common diseases of goat are:
Goat Farming – Blackleg
This can be an extremely dangerous ailment for goats.
It is caused by Clostridium Chauvei, a bacteria found in the soil.
The animal will get sick really fast and the disease can lead to rapid death.
Many times there are no symptoms at all which makes the condition even more dangerous and frightening.
However, when symptoms do occur, they often include fever, sadness (by the goat), loss of appetite and swelling.
Treatment generally includes penicillin and/or other antibiotics.
Goat Farming – Mastitis
This is one of the goat diseases that are caused by bacterial.
You will notice that the goat’s udder is swollen and the goat will be in pain.
The goat’s udder turns red and the milk production reduces.
The goat’s milk may have some pus or blood droplets.
When you notice a combination of these symptoms, call your veterinary to confirm whether your goat has mastitis.
If confirmed, give your goat an antibiotic injection to help cure the mastitis problem.
Goat Farming – Bottle Jaw
The Bottle Jaw goat disease is caused by several factors.
It is one of the goat diseases that can occur due to different causes.
It is caused by copper deficiency, Johnes disease, or stomach worms.
Symptoms that you should watch out for include poor appetite leading to weight loss, swollen chin, and dull eyes.
You should treat this disease depending on what causes it.
For instance, if your goat is having a copper deficiency, give it some copper supplements.
Goat Farming – Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)
This goat disease is caused by a virus.
The common symptoms you can expect in younger goats include weak rear legs, loss of appetite, and fever.
Older goats suffering from CAE have swollen legs which eventually lead to loss of leg function after some years.
To confirm whether your goat is suffering from CAE, you need to run a blood test.
If your goat’s blood tests positive for the disease, you can only manage it since CAE has no known cure.
Goat Farming – Coccidiosis
A goat disease caused by an intestinal parasite called Coccidiosis.
If your goat is suffering from this disease, it will have bloody diarrhoea and a dry coat.
Your goat will also suffer from dehydration and low animal spirits as a result of this disease.
This is one of the goat diseases that you will mostly notice in your young goats.
To cure goat Coccidiosis, you will have to get a prescription drug called Banamine to be administered intramuscularly once every 36-72 hours.
Goat Farming – Foot and Mouth Disease
Foot and Mouth disease is also caused by a viral infection.
Symptoms you should watch out for include blisters on your goat’s teats and difficulty in walking.
Your older goats eventually become lame as a result of this goat disease.
The disease is usually fatal to your young goats so make sure to spot it early to protect your goat farming business.
Isolate any of your goat kids that show these symptoms from the herd.
For your older goats, wash their mouths with mild disinfectants and apply Boroglycerine to their teat ulcers.
Goat Farming – Parasites
There are different parasites that cause goat diseases.
If your goat is suffering from Parasitic gastroenteritis, it will show symptoms such as:
- a swollen jaw, and
- severe anaemia.
A goat suffering from Paramphistomiasis usually shows similar symptoms.
Your goats will usually get this parasite during winter.
Goats also suffer from parasitic worm infestation.
To treat the first parasite l have mentioned, you should use some Thiobendazole.
For the rest of the parasitic infestations, ask your veterinary to recommend for you drugs that will help clear the parasites.