Although the Nubian goats are named after a desert region in North Africa;
Iit is a breed that was developed in Britain through breeding of very exotic bucks that were coming from the Middle East, India and Africa with English goats.
It was later exported to other regions like the US in the early 1900s.
It has glossy and short fur and comes in a variety of solid colors from pure brown or black to a beautifully spotted variety.
The Nubian goat is second only to the Saanen goat breed as a leading milk producer.
It produces milk with a butterfat content of 4 to 5%; this is ideal for making yoghurt and cheese.
Caring for your Nubian Goats
You need to build a three sided shelter for Nubian goats.
The shelter opening should no face the windy side of your surroundings.
It should have a roof; this is because goats generally don’t like getting wet and have been known to suffer from pneumonia and hypothermia.
If the shed is painted make sure you use paint that is not toxic;
Goats have been known to lick and chew on almost anything.
These goats usually consume 2 to 5 gallons of clean water every day.
You must ensure the buckets used are clean and the water is given in a timely manner.
To encourage the goat to drink water during winter time it is recommended that you provide it with warm water.
The water consumption levels will increase depending on the prevailing weather conditions and size of the goat.
Nubian goats need to be fed on clover hay or alfalfa; this diet should be supplemented with some mineral or salt mix.
You should allow it to forage in the pen or yard.
Nubian goats love being free and jumping around; avoid tethering them.
Wheat straw or some wood shavings that have been dried should be used to provide bedding for your Nubian goats.
The above mentioned materials are most suitable because they can be easily removed or raked away periodically.
Nubian goats can produce up to 10lbs of manure everyday; its manure is usually dry and makes some very good fertilizer.
To keep flies away from your herd you can use some non toxic varieties of flytraps.
The yard where your Nubian goats are kept should be fenced at a height of around four feet high, use strong posts as goats are inquisitive and curious.
They will push and shove around the posts.
Strong and proper fencing will keep away predators and prevent your goats from wandering away.
Depending on the prevailing weather conditions, number of animals in an enclosure and the kind of pasture rotation you have adopted, deworming should be done monthly.
Nubian goats will require their hooves to be trimmed every three months or so, this is important as it helps avoid foot rot.
You should also ensure that the goats are vaccinated annually against tetanus and CDT.
The Nubian goats are not a loner and loves companionship; it is advisable to have them in numbers or pairs.
Don’t start by buying only one goat.