Some people that are in goat farming business do not provide shelters for their goats.
They let them find shelter in cedar thickets, under rock ledges or any other suitable shelter which the goats come across.
But your goats will do better for your goat farming and require less feed if they have shelter from rain, wind, and snow in winter.
Making your goat a proper house means that it should alter or modify the environment for the benefit of your goat and also protect them from predation and theft which will always be beneficial for your goat farming business.
Your goat house should buffer your goats from climate extremes to reduce stress allowing optimal performance in terms of growth, health and reproduction.
Goat Farming – Here Are 9 Tips About What To Remember When Setting Up A Goat House
1. YOUR GOATS NEED A DRY PPLACE TO REST DURING COLD
Your goats can be kept on one acre of land or even less in your goat farming business.
Access to browse plants (shrubs and trees) provides necessary roughage in the diet in addition to shade.
Loose housing, like a loafing shed, is acceptable as long as your goats have a dry, draft-free place to rest during the cold, inclement weather at your goat farming business.
2. YOUR GOAT HOUSE MUST BE SAFE AND SECURE
Housing for goats is not a serious problem in your goat farming business;
It’s enough if the goats are provided with a:
- safe and secure place,
- free from worms,
- affording protection from excessive heat and
- inclement weather.
It is worthwhile to design a cheap house for goats which may result in increased milk and meat production for your goat farming business.
3. GOAT FARMING AND CLIMATIC FACTORS YOU MUST CONSIDER
The main climatic factors from which you need to protect your goat farming are high and low ambient temperatures, environmental humidity, solar radiation, wind and rain.
Additionally, housing is important in protecting your feed and equipment from damage, in saving labour, and in aiding effective management, including breeding.
Your goat house should meet the basic requirements and serve your needs at the lowest possible cost.
4. DO NOT TO START WITH AN ELABORATE BARN
Since you are starting your goat farming business with a few goats, opt not to build a big elaborate barn.
Start with a medium-sized pole barn.
Material to be used for flooring can be sawdust or straw.
Ensure that there is proper ventilation and that sunlight can enter to remove the moisture which might cause bacteria.
Include windows in the shelter to allow air to pass through, to remove the odour at your goat farming.
5. YOU WILL NEED TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE SPACE FOR YOUR GOATS
When setting up your goat house, it is paramount that you provide adequate space for a relevant number of goats at your goat farming business
Adequate space is important to minimize infighting among your goats.
While head-butting is a common method of establishing dominance among goats, infighting may result in blows to the abdomen or back of your pregnant does, resulting in injuries to the foetus, abortions, or miscarriages.
Other cases of fighting may result in various forms of injuries or possibly broken legs.
6.TAKE NOTE OF THE SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR YOUR GOATS
You should allow for approximately 20 to 30 square feet per adult animal but you need less for younger animals.
Adequate space will allow each animal to move about at leisure.
Confinement and overcrowding causes stress, and goats vent their frustration by taking it out on one another or on structures that causes damage to animals and housing structures.
7.ENSURE YOUR GOAT HOUSE PROTECTS YOUR GOATS FROM STAGNATE AIR AND DUSTY CONDITIONS
When creating your goat house, make sure the enclosure allows a minimal amount of ventilation.
Stagnate air flow allows moisture to build up, while dusty conditions cause respiratory problems or other airborne diseases.
By the same token, it is important to prevent excessive drafts, particularly where newborns are housed since they are incapable of generating sufficient body heat.
8.MAKE ROOM FOR FUTURE EXPANSION OF YOUR GOAT HOUSE
When designing and constructing your goat house, it is wise to exceed initial expectations to allow for future expansion of your goat farming business.
This is important because after you are successful on the small scale basis, you would want to expand and it might be on a very large scale, so this helps to minimize stress on you and the goats.
9.YOU WILL NEED TO FENCE YOUR GOAT HOUSE
Fencing your goat house is usually one of the biggest capital expense in goat farming business.
There are two types of fencing which you can take into consideration.
It’s either exterior or perimeter fencing which is usually permanent in most cases and interior or Cross fencing which may be permanent or temporary.
Goat Farming – What To Remember When Setting Up A Goat House