One Of the important factors of goat farming business is goat breeding.
To be successful in your goat breeding , you must gather enough information and study as much as you can about goat reproduction.
Proper care must be given to goats to keep continuous goat production.
The usual breeding season for goat is from August to March.
They are known as seasonal breeders.
Once you are ready to start goat breeding, you must make sure that you breed only well-conditioned goats.
They must be healthy, well-fed but not fat because fat causes goats many problems in conceiving and kidding.
When your goats are healthy, they will give birth to health kids saving you lots of stress.
Here are 6 simple tips to remeber when you want to begin goat breeding
1. GOAT BREEDING – LET YOUR DOE MATURE BEFORE BEING BRED
Various genetic and environmental factors affect the onset of sexual maturity in goats.
While your goats can breed by the time they’re five to seven months old, let your doe kid gain 60 to 75 percent of their mature weight before being bred.
Bucks mature faster than does; let your bucks gain about 50 to 60 percent of their mature weight before using them for breeding.
2. GOAT BREEDING – DO NOT BREED YOUR GOATS AT A VERY LATE AGE
It is not advisable to let the goat give birth at a very late age as it may end up producing poor quality kids.
The speed of growth of your kids depends on the care you give to them.
Two months after giving birth, your buck can be ready to produce again.
Within one and a half years, your buck is capable of producing two times.
3. GOAT BREEDING – ENSURE YOU BREED YOUR GOATS AT THEIR FIRST HEAT
Goats are mostly seasonal breeders, meaning they approach heat (estrus) and breed during the fall as days grow shorter.
The normal breeding season for most goats is august to march, though some breeds and individuals breed all year long.
If you do not start goat breeding at their first heat, they’ll go into heat again (recycle) every 20 to 21 days until bred or they’ll return to anoestrus (their non-breeding state).
4.GOAT BREEDING – THE BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DOE DURING ESTRUS
During estrus, the doe will be receptive to the buck for mating for anywhere from 12 to 48 hours.
The doe will seek out the buck for breeding, and the presence of the buck can bring on heat and synchronize breeding in does.
Signs of heat in the doe include tail wagging, bleating, and urination near the buck.
Usually, the vulva swells and discharges mucous.
Ovulation occurs 24 to 36 hours after the onset of heat.
5. GOAT – BREEDING – YOU CAN GET YOUR DOE PREGNANT THROUGH ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
Artificial insemination is a possible option for your doe.
It can speed up genetic improvement and provide access to breeds or bucks not readily available.
Owning a buck is still advisable for telling when your does come into heat and for breeding your does that don’t conceive through Artificial Insemination.
Heat detection is easier in the presence of a buck because a female will seek out the male when she’s in heat.
6. GOAT BREEDING – YOU NEED TO CONTROL YOUR DOES’ NUTRITION
You should practise “flushing“ which means controlling your does’ nutrition intake before the breeding season sets in.
This practice will assist in keeping your does in optimum condition for breeding, and helps them to produce optimum eggs during ovulation which gives them greater chances of conceiving more.
This is a reliable method for goat breeding.